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As a paralegal, you need to familiarize yourself with legal terms, and especially terms used in the area of law in which you end up working. If you work for a public defender, prosecutor or criminal defence lawyer, you will be dealing with more criminal terms. When working with companies, you need to focus on company law, contract conditions, and the Uniform Commercial Code (UCC). The same principle applies to cooperation with tax lawyers, family law or inheritance law. Understanding legal terminology is essential to understanding the law itself and its proper application in research, legal analysis, document creation, and compliance with local, state, and federal justice systems. Unless you work in the legal profession or watch a lot of legal drama on TV, you`re probably not too familiar with some of the terms used. Law firms and courtrooms have their own language, and not all of us understand terminology. Some words may sound familiar, but may have completely different meanings in relation to the law. Even if you never need a lawyer, it`s good to know the basics and what they mean.

De facto is Latin for « really ». It is used in court to describe practices that exist but are not officially recognized by law. For example, English is the de facto language in the United States, but there is no official national language under the law. When a practice is directly supported by the law, it is called de jure, which means « by the law » in Latin. ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS1. A statement on how to take responsibility. 2. A brief statement at the end of a document that the document has been duly signed and accepted. A legal procedure to deal with the debt problems of individuals and companies; in particular, a case filed under one of the chapters of title 11 of the United States Code. Jurisdiction: The law derived from a set of cases. Essentially, judges write opinions, which creates legislation or precedent between the CAW.

Case law may be customary law or used to explain and supplement statutory law. Quote: A legal reference. In legal writing (outside of most exams), you`ll want to « cite » your sources. You can learn more about this in your legal writing classes. Typically, you use the bluebook to determine the correct citation format. If a person is summoned, he or she is legally obliged to appear in court. An application party is made for a court order in a case. The applications shall contain an overview of the application, legal arguments and evidence of the requesting party. Offence: According to the French word for « evil » is a tortious or illegal act, whether intentional or accidental, which causes harm to others. An intentional offence can also be a crime, such as assault, fraud or theft. Tort law is one of the largest areas of civil law.

CALI: The Center for Computer-Assisted Legal Instruction, also known as CALI, is a nonprofit consortium consisting primarily of U.S. law schools that conducts applied research and development activities in the field of computer-assisted legal education. The organization is best known in law schools for teaching CALI and interactive online tutorials on legal topics. They also have things like podcasts on different topics. Your library can tell you how to create a CALI account. Some schools have « CALI Awards » given to the student who receives the highest grade in each class. You may hear students say they have a « CALI`d » class, and it may be because they took CALI classes! An action brought by a plaintiff against a defendant based on a claim that the defendant failed to comply with a legal obligation that caused harm to the plaintiff. The legal system that originated in England and is now used in the United States is based on the articulation of legal principles in a historical succession of judicial decisions.

Common law principles can be changed by statute. The term « lawyer » is a common word that has a unique meaning in the legal context. Your lawyer and any legal advice they give you meet the definition of legal counsel. In the United States, consultant is often used interchangeably with the word lawyer. demurrer (dee-muhr-your): A formal response to a lawsuit filed in a lawsuit arguing for dismissal and actually stating that even if the facts are true, there is no legal basis for a prosecution. This may be, for example, a necessary factual missing or an unclear complaint.