Corporal punishment – Defined as any act that intentionally inflicts or intentionally causes physical pain to a student. ¢ Necessary Use of Force – Means that there did not appear to be a reasonably effective alternative to the use of force and that the amount of force used was appropriate to achieve the legitimate purpose pursued. ¢ Unnecessary Use of Force – Refers to the use of force when there is no justification for its use. Lethal force – Refers to the deliberate use of force by firearms or other means that could reasonably result in death or serious bodily injury. ¢ Name(s) of the student(s) involved and when and where the incident occurred; ¢ The names of any other staff member or student who witnessed the incident; ¢ How the incident began and unfolded, including details of the student`s behaviour, what was said by each party, the steps taken to de-escalate or calm the situation, the extent of the violence used, how it was used and for how long; ¢ The student`s reaction and the outcome of the incident; ¢ Information about injuries sustained by the student, another student or a staff member, as well as property damage. ¢ All reported cases of violence must be checked immediately and assessed by a supervisor to determine if the respective use of violence was in accordance with school policy. Constitutional limits on the use of force by law enforcement authorities require proportionality. The Supreme Court has identified a number of considerations that lower courts should consider when determining reasonableness, focusing on the practical circumstances faced by the public servant who used force. Each case should be assessed in light of the particular facts from the officer`s perspective at the time of the use of force decision. 1.
the gravity of the infringement in question; 2. whether the suspect posed an immediate threat to the safety of officials or other persons; 3. whether the suspect has actively resisted; 4. If the suspect tries to evade arrest by fleeing. Model policies for the use of violence and physical restraint should include: While parents of children who have been bullied or harassed can sue a school or school district for failing to stop the harmful behaviour, students who bully are often suspended or expelled if a school determines that their behaviour violates student codes of conduct and other laws. Schools can help minimize potential violations by enforcing codes of conduct, which typically address different types of behavior. ¢ Physical abuse – Refers to the non-accidental infliction of bodily harm or physical abuse on a child. Physical restraint – Defined as the use of force or restraint used to restrain a student. ¢ Reasonable man doctrine – A hypothetical person who « exercises the qualities of care, knowledge, intelligence, and judgment which society requires of its members to protect their own interests and those of others. » Reasonable faith – An objective assessment based on an assessment of the reaction of a reasonable law enforcement officer with comparable training and experience, or on inferences based on facts; Circumstances that the law enforcement officer faces at the crime scene and that he or she is aware of. Constructive violence – The use of law enforcement authority to exercise control over a subject. Examples include verbal commands, gestures, warnings, and detaching a weapon. Physical Contact – Involves routine or procedural contact with a subject necessary to effectively achieve a legitimate law enforcement objective.
Examples include driving a subject in a police vehicle, holding the subject`s arm during transport, tying up a subject, and maneuvering or securing a subject for a search. ¢ Excessive Force – Would be the use of more force than necessary if the use of force is necessary. ¢ Strength Factor – A measure of the degree of violence used by officers in relation to the degree of resistance of suspects. Physical violence – Physical violence involves contact with a subject beyond what is commonly used to achieve an arrest or other law enforcement objective. Physical force is used when necessary to overcome a subject`s physical resistance to the exercise of law enforcement power or to protect persons or property. Examples include fighting a resistant subject with the ground, using wrist or arm locks, hitting with hands or feet, or similar methods of hand-to-hand combat. Mechanical force – Mechanical force involves the use of a device or substance other than a firearm to overcome a subject`s resistance to the exercise of law enforcement power. Examples include using a baton or other object, physically contacting dogs with a subject, or spraying chemical or natural agents.
¢ Unlawful force – The use of force without the consent of the person against whom it is directed, for which the user may be held liable. ¢ Use of Force – The effort required to enforce the law by a reluctant subject. The typical continuum of force begins with the presence of the officer or verbal orders, then lists the options for using force in order of increasing intrusion and ends. School bullying is a serious and growing problem occurring on school grounds across the country. Bullying not only encompasses the overall learning objectives of educational environments, but also threatens a student`s right to attend safe classes on school campuses. ¢ Strategies to prevent student violence, self-harm and suicide, including methods of verbal and non-verbal de-escalation of potentially dangerous behaviours that occur between groups of students or with an individual student; ¢ criteria for assessing student behaviour and identifying behaviours that may require immediate intervention through violence or physical restraint; ¢ A definition of appropriate responses by school staff to student behaviour requiring immediate intervention; ¢ A description of the methods of physical restraint permitted in the context of a continuum of violence adapted to a shared school environment and the limited circumstances in which these methods may be appropriate.